Turkey is situated in one of the world’s most sensitive spot as far as both opportunities and difficulties are concerned. The world’s most ancient cultures appeared and merged in Anatolia. The variety in cultures and the depth of history in Anatolia cannot be found anywhere else. Eastern and Western cultures came together, synthesized, and have been living together for thousands of years. Turkey’s geographical position and close and deep historic relations with the surrounding neighboring societies make Turkey a bridge between cultures and economies.
Turkey is the only country in the Islamic world that has attained democracy and the only country that can peacefully solve the kinds of conflicts with which other countries in the geography currently struggle: between secularity and freedom of faith, between Shia, Sunnis, Alawites and a host of other belief systems. Solving the Kurdish problem, which has caused Turkey to lose years, will bring unimaginable opportunities, both regionally and globally.
These issues, are all sources of many conflicts, conflicts that concern not only Turkey and the Near and Middle East regions, but the world itself. The solution of the problems will lead to speedy advancements of Turkey and help it in becoming a stronger economy, one that can reach the ranks of advanced countries, while at the same time having the capacity to integrate the Islamic and Western cultures on the basis of universal values. The creation of such a climate of peace in the environs around Turkey might well change the entire world.
The common characteristic of these problems, the solution of which rests in great part on Turkey’s shoulders, is that they can all be solved by establishing the rule of law. Simply stated, the realization of rights on the basis of universal values will allow Turkey to solve these problems. Attaining this objective is as easy as doing whatever justice requires.
To achieve this, the judiciary has to operate with full independence. And the basic condition for ensuring the independent functioning of the judiciary is that the elements of the judicial system are truly accountable and responsible for carrying out their duties efficiently. It also means that the system can be held responsible for any neglect, breaches, and even for refusal to carry out their duties. Accountability will guarantee the impartiality of the elements of the judiciary, which in turn will ensure that the judiciary functions truly independently.
The independence of the judicial function requires that the judiciary be able to respond immediately and efficiently to whatever issues arise within its duties and responsibilities. All those obstacles that are hampering judicial functions should be identified and eliminated. The impunities and the preconditions for judicial investigations should be regulated and limited according to their purpose.
A judiciary that functions independently, by impartial and accountable elements, will also propel all other state functions to operate soundly, by ensuring the accountability of public officials. And this will enable Turkey to gain a stronger and more effective state system, one that will strengthen its own institutions and serve as a model and a catalyst for the other countries in its region.
The judicial function is important for all countries, but it is especially so for Turkey, because in order for Turkey to overcome the difficulties surrounding major opportunities and to become a state of law at the state of the art levels the Turkish judiciary needs to be highly well functioning.